What is Frontotemporal Dementia?
Frontotemporal Dementia (FD) is a disease of the brain that effects the frontal and temporal lobes. As the names suggest, these areas of the brain sit behind the forehead and temples.
The disease causes the cells and nerve pathways in this part of the brain to degenerate, which over time causes these areas of the brain to physically shrink. The frontotemporal area of the brain is responsible for personality and behaviour, language (the formulation of language and the comprehension) and emotions.
This type of dementia is not generally common, and unusually it can affect adults from around age 45 (though it can develop earlier in life in some cases). Despite this it is the most common form of dementia in adults under 65 years of age, and around 16,000 people are living with the disease currently in the UK. Studies have suggested that FD is genetic, to a degree, with around 1 in 3 sufferers having a family history of this particular type of dementia.
Around 15 percent of all dementia is identified as FD. FD is also known by another name, Pick’s disease, named after Arnold Pick (a neurologist and psychiatrist) who first identified the disease in 1892. To find out more: UK Care Guide